A project of the open source Justice and Accountability Unit
In partnership with
On 24 February 2022, Russia launched a large-scale air and ground invasion of Ukraine. Within hours, it was clear that grave civilian harm was to be a significant feature of this conflict, with millions forced to flee and others killed or injured in their homes. Attacks have already resulted in hundreds of civilian deaths and destruction of civilian and critical infrastructure including hospitals, schools and apartment blocks.
In response to the invasion, GLAN and Bellingcat have launched a Justice & Accountability project to investigate alleged atrocity crimes taking place in Ukraine. The aim of the project is to conduct a set of open source investigations into incidents causing civilian harm occurring in Ukraine according to robust legal standards with the aim of making them available to national and international prosecutors who are gathering evidence of alleged crimes.
On 10 and 11 March 2022, GLAN and Bellingcat gathered at Bindmans LLP in London to begin planning for this long-term project, and discussed all aspects of the investigation, preservation and databasing process, including data protection and privacy concerns, so that the evidence could have the greatest possible chances of successful introduction in criminal courts as evidence.
The investigations will utilise the methodology that GLAN and Bellingcat have developed and tested through years of collaboration on the Yemen Project, which aims to practically implement best practice for open source investigations to ensure that this vital information can be used as evidence in legal accountability proceedings. The methodology has been tailored specifically to the Ukraine context for use by Bellingcat’s Justice and Accountability Unit, taking into account all legal principles and international guidelines such as the Berkeley Protocol on Digital Open Source Information.
The open source content gathered during Bellingcat’s investigations will be preserved by Mnemonic, an independent third-party organisation maintaining an archive of digital content from Ukraine, as it has done for Syria, Yemen and Sudan.
The evidence gathered through this Justice & Accountability project will in parallel be collated and arranged in an analysis database which can be searched and filtered in order to conduct legal analysis of compliance with International Humanitarian Law and International Criminal Law.
The Race to Archive Social Posts That May Prove Russian War Crimes - Wired Magazine - 11 April 2022
Ukraine: Online posts 'transform' war crimes documentation - BBC News - 17 April 2022
GLAN's online open source investigations
Mock hearing on the admissibility of open source evidence.
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